Schizophrenia, a brain disorder that can be chronic and affects less than 1% of the U.S. population, is rare. Schizophrenia can be active and cause delusions, hallucinations or disorganized speech. Most symptoms of schizophrenia can be treated and the risk of a recurrence reduced.
Schizophrenia refers to a serious mental disorder that causes people to interpret reality differently. Schizophrenia can cause a combination of delusions and hallucinations. It can also lead to extremely disordered thinking that can impair daily functioning and even be fatal.
What are the early symptoms of Schizophrenia
The first symptoms usually appear in late teens and early 20s for men. It is most common in women between the ages of 20 and 30. The prodromal phase is the period before psychosis fully develops. It can last for days, weeks or even years. Because there is usually no trigger, it can be difficult to identify. It is possible to notice subtle behavioral changes in teens, but not in adults. This includes:
- Grades change
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Concentration problems
- Social withdrawal
- Temper flares
Schizophrenia can cause a variety of mental and emotional problems, including thinking (cognition), behavior, and emotions. Although symptoms can vary, they often include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and impaired function. Some symptoms include:
- These are illusions. These false beliefs are not grounded in reality. You might think you are being harassed or harmed; certain comments or gestures are directed at your; you have extraordinary ability or fame; someone is in love; or that a major disaster is imminent. Most people suffering from schizophrenia experience delusions.
- Hallucinations. These include seeing or hearing things that aren’t there. However, schizophrenia sufferers can experience the same effects and force as normal experiences. Hallucinations can occur in all senses, but the most common is hearing voices.
- Disorganized speech (thought) Disorganized speech can lead to disorganized thinking. Communication can become difficult, and the answers to your questions may not be related. Rarely, speech can include the creation of meaningless words that are difficult to understand, also known as word salad.
- Extremely disorderly or abnormal motor behaviour. It can manifest in many ways, including childlike silliness or unpredictable agitation. It’s difficult to accomplish tasks when behavior isn’t focused. You might see resistance to instructions, an incoherent or bizarre posture, complete lack of response or excessive movement.
- Negative symptoms. It refers to a reduced or loss of ability to function normally. This could be a lack of personal hygiene, a person who doesn’t seem to care about their appearance, or a person who speaks monotonically or in a monotone. The person might lose interest in daily activities, withdraw from society, or have a hard time experiencing pleasure.
Schizophrenia Symptoms That Are Disorganized
These are signs that a person is unable to think clearly or respond in the expected manner. Examples include:
- Talking in a jargon-like way or using nonsense words can make it difficult for someone to communicate or have a conversation.
- It is easy to move quickly between thoughts without any obvious or logical connections.
- Slowly move
- Incapacity to make decisions
- It is possible to write excessively, but it does not convey any meaning
- Losing or forgetting things
- Repetition of movements or gestures such as walking in circles or pacing
- Not able to make sense of the world around you.
Schizophrenia can be a chronic condition that lasts a lifetime. However, effective treatment can help manage symptoms, prevent relapses and avoid hospitalization.
Every person is different and the doctor will customize the treatment for each patient.
There are several possible treatment options:
- Antipsychotic drugs. You can use them for daily or occasional use. Injectable medication can last for up to three months, depending on the medication.
- Counseling. Counseling can be a great way to help someone develop coping skills and achieve their life goals.
- Coordinated special treatment. This holistic approach integrates family involvement, medication, and education services.
- Clozapine (Clozaril)
- Risperidone (Risperdal)
- Quetiapine, also known as Seroquel
- Olanzapine (Zyprexa)
- Ziprasidone (Geodon)
- Haloperidol (Haldol).
However, these medications can cause weight gain and neurological symptoms. However, side effects may be less severe with newer medications.
Even if symptoms improve, it is important that a person continues with their treatment plan. The symptoms could return if a person stops taking their medication.