Dementia is a general term for a loss of memory, language, problem-solving and other thinking abilities that is severe enough to interfere with daily life. Alzheimer’s is the most common cause of dementia.
Facts About Dementia
A broad term for dementia, it includes memory loss, word-finding difficulties and impaired judgment. These symptoms are due to injury or loss brain cells (neurons).
There are many signs and symptoms that can indicate dementia, but the most common ones include:
- Memory loss
- Problems with focusing
- Problem with communication (word-finding difficulties and repetition)
- It is difficult to complete tasks
- Judgement impairments
- Does not understand what is being seen
There are many factors that can cause dementia. When brain cells become damaged, they are unable to communicate with other cells. This can lead to dementia.
Lewy body dementia and vascular dementia are the most common types of dementia. Frontotemporal dementia is another type. Huntington’s and Parkinson’s diseases are also possible. Senile dementia (senility), was once a term used to describe all types of dementias. However, this term is no more used for diagnosis.
When a diagnosis of progressive dementia is made, the stages of dementia are applied. These stages are:
- Stage 1: There is no impairment. Stage 1: No impairment.
- Stage 2: Questionable impairment. The patient has some difficulty, but is able to function independently.
- Stage 3: Mild impairment The patient is experiencing mild, but not severe, difficulties with daily activities.
- Stage 4: Moderate impairment. The patient requires assistance with daily activities and caring for himself/herself.
- Stage 5: Moderate-severe impairment
- Stage 6: Severe Impairment. Patients are unable or unable to perform independently.
- Stage 7: Very severe impairment. Stage 7: Very severe impairment of body and mental functions.
Risk Factors for Dementia Include:
- High blood pressure
- Heavy alcohol use
- Family history
- Hardening of the arteries
- High levels of cholesterol
After a series of tests, including a physical exam and determining the history of any issues, dementia is diagnosed. Other conditions that might be similar to dementia may also be excluded by memory tests, imaging studies, or blood work. It can take time to diagnose dementia.
- Treatment for dementia is primarily supportive, Prescription medication cannot stop or reverse the process. It is possible to make positive changes in the environment, engage with others, exercise regularly, and follow a structured routine.
- As a way to keep patients close to their families, home care for dementia patients can be a great option. Caregivers should ensure that they are able to manage burnout.
- Dopezil (Aricept), Exelon (rivastigmine), Exelon (Exelon), Galantamine (Razadyne) and Namenda (memantine) are all prescription drugs that can be used to treat dementia. FDA recently approved a new combination of donepezil (Aricept) and memantine, Namzaric.
- While there is no cure for dementia, it is possible to reduce the risk factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and alcohol consumption, keep diabetes under control, exercise regularly, and modify your risk factors for high blood pressure, high cholesterol and high cholesterol.
Individuals with dementia have a different outlook on their prognosis. Some people progress quickly, while others go slowly. We don’t know the exact causes of dementia.
What is Dementia?
One of the most misunderstood conditions today in medicine is dementia. Many people think that dementia or senility is a natural part of aging and do not seek medical attention for relatives who have memory problems. Some people believe that forgetfulness can be a sign of dementia. Both of these conclusions are incorrect.
Many questions have also been raised regarding dementia. Is dementia different from Alzheimer’s or all forms of dementia Alzheimer’s disease? Does it become Alzheimer’s disease if someone experiences memory loss due to another condition? What should one expect if someone is diagnosed with dementia?
What are the signs and symptoms of dementia, both early and late?
The following are early signs of dementia:
- Simple forgetfulness
- Problems with performing tasks or activities that were previously performed without effort.
- Losing items
- A common sign of dementia is difficulty learning new material.
Many people with Alzheimer’s disease, or any other type of dementia, are unaware they have any problems. As the disease progresses, behavioral changes may become apparent.
- Patients may have trouble dressing themselves or using the bathroom.
- Some patients forget important information, such as their address, telephone number or date of birth.
- They might have trouble understanding the world around them.
- Patients may have difficulty remembering what to eat, and they might experience a marked weight loss.
- Patients with dementia can often not recognize their family members, and their communication skills are severely impaired.
- They are no longer capable of caring for themselves effectively and need assistance with daily activities.
- Patients can lose their ability to walk and even sit up over time.
What Causes Dementia?
The broad term dementia covers many conditions such as Alzheimer’s, frontotemporal dementia, vascular dementia and others.
Simply forgetting is not enough to diagnose dementia. There must be evidence in at least two areas (brain function) that there are problems.
There are several possible signs and symptoms of dementia.
- Memory loss
- It is difficult to complete tasks.
- Probleme with speaking, such as difficulty in completing sentences or finding a word to say.
- Recognizing people and items is difficult.
- Payment of bills
- Some people with dementia might have difficulty cooking.
- Signs of poor judgment
- Perform household chores
They might repeat the same stories or questions over and over, or they may forget to make appointments. They might get lost in familiar surroundings. There may be personality changes such as agitation or irritability. Some people with dementia may experience hallucinations or see things that aren’t there.