The liver is responsible for many things that keep you alive. It converts nutrients into the chemicals your body requires. It removes poisons. It converts food into energy. If your liver isn’t working well, it can cause problems throughout your body.
There are many things that can lead to serious liver problems. Here are the top causes.
Sometimes an infection can inflame your liver. The most common cause of viral hepatitis includes:
- Hepatitis A – It is most commonly caused by drinking or eating contaminated fecal matter. It is possible to not experience any symptoms. It is usually gone within six months.
- Hepatitis B – It can be contracted from someone else through unprotected sexual activity or using drugs with shared needles. It is more likely that you will get liver cancer or other serious diseases if it lasts for longer than six months.
- Hepatitis C – is caused by infected blood getting into your blood. It can be contracted if you use drugs that are shared with HIV or if you have HIV. You might contract it if you are a health-care worker. It is possible that symptoms may not appear for several years. Baby boomers may be at high risk of hepatitis C for reasons that are not entirely clear. They should be tested.
Immune System Problems
Your immune system defends you from viruses and bacteria. It could attack your liver or other body parts.
Autoimmune hepatitis inflames your liver. It can cause other conditions and even liver failure. It is more common in girls than it is in men.
Primary biliary Cholangitis is a condition that attacks small tubes in the liver known as bile ducts. They are home to bile which is a chemical that aids in digestion. If the bile ducts become damaged, it backs up in your liver and damages it. This happens more frequently in women than it does for men.
Primary sclerosing Cholangitis can cause damage to your bile tubes and eventually block them. Your liver becomes more irritable as the bile builds up. You might need a liver transplant. It is more common for men to develop it than for women.
Tumors and Cancer
Your liver may be the site of cancer. This is usually due to cancer spreading from other parts of your body like your colon or lungs. However, liver cancer can also occur.
- Women are more likely to develop liver cancer than men than women, while African-Americans are more frequently affected than whites. It might be called hepatocellular cancer by your doctor. This is more common if you are suffering from hepatitis and/or drink excessively.
- Bile duct cancer is a disease that affects the tubes that connect your liver and small intestine. These tubes carry bile, which helps you digest food. This type of cancer is most common in people over 50.
- A liver cell adenoma can be a cancerous tumor that isn’t caused by cancer. Although rare, women who have been taking birth control pills for a while are more likely to get it. The tumor may eventually develop into cancer.
Conditions You Inherit
If they are passed down from your family, some inherited liver diseases can only occur.
Hemochromatosis is when your body stores too much iron from your foods. Extra iron can build up in your liver, heart and other organs. It can cause serious health problems such as heart disease, liver diseases, and diabetes.
Also Read:- 14 Foods That Are Good and Worst for Your Liver
Hyperoxaluria is a condition in which your urine contains too much oxalate. This is caused by a genetic mutation in which your liver produces too much oxalate. This could lead to kidney stones or even kidney failure. If your kidneys fail, this can lead to oxalosis. This is where the oxalate accumulates in other organs, causing more problems.
Wilson’s disease causes copper buildup in the liver and other organs. The first signs of Wilson’s disease usually appear between 6 and 35 years old, but most commonly in the teens. It can affect your liver and cause nerve and mental problems.
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiencies are a condition that causes your lungs to become resistant to infections. Your liver makes it. If your liver does not follow the correct recipe, the faulty chemical could build up and lead to liver disease.
Other Causes of Liver Disease
- Cirrhosis can be caused by alcohol abuse. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, as well as long-term cases hepatitis B or C can also be caused by alcohol abuse.
- Drug overdoses. Your liver can be damaged if you take too much acetaminophen and other medications. Follow the instructions on the label and remember that Acetaminophen may be found in multiple medications.
- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), is when your liver has too much fat. Your liver can become inflamed by too much fat. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis is one type of NAFLD. This means that your liver is causing inflammation and fat damage. This can cause liver damage and other conditions, such as cirrhosis.
The following are serious complications of liver disease:
- Acute liver failure. If your liver stops working for a short period of time, even if you don’t have any long-term liver disease, this is called acute liver failure. This could be caused by an overdose, infection, or prescription drugs.
- Cirrhosis is a buildup in scar tissue in the liver. Your liver will work harder if there are more scars than healthy liver cells. It may stop working as it should over time.