Tuesday, December 6, 2022

Appendicitis – Symptoms, Diagnosis, Surgery and Causes

Overview of Appendicitis

Appendicitis refers to inflammation of the appendix. This pouch is shaped like a finger and extends from the lower right corner of your abdomen.

Appendicitis is a condition that causes pain in the lower right abdomen. Most people feel pain around the navel, and then it moves. Appendicitis pain can become severe as inflammation worsens.

Appendicitis can occur in anyone, but it is most common in those between the ages 10 and 30. Appendicitis can be treated surgically.

Appendicitis Symptoms

Appendicitis symptoms and signs may include:

  • Sudden, sharp pain in the lower abdomen on the right side
  • Sudden pain that starts around your navel, and sometimes shifts to your lower right abdominal
  • You can experience pain that is worse if you cough, move or do other jarring actions.
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Appetite loss
  • Low-grade fever can worsen with time
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Bloating in the abdomen
  • Flatulence

Your age and position of the appendix can affect where your pain is located. Because your appendix is more prominent during pregnancy, it may appear that the pain originates from your upper abdomen.

Appendicitis Pain & Symptoms

Appendicitis Causes

Appendicitis is likely to be caused by a blockage of the appendix lining that leads to infection. Appendicitis is caused by bacteria rapidly multiplying, swelling the appendix and causing pus to build up. The appendix may burst if it is not treated immediately.

Appendicitis complications

Appendicitis can lead to serious complications such as:

A ruptured appendix. Peritonitis is a condition where the rupture spreads infection to your abdomen. This condition can be life-threatening and requires immediate surgery to remove the appendix, clean your abdomen cavity, and repair any damage.

An abdominal cavity containing pus. An abscess is a condition where your abdomen bursts. A surgeon will drain the abscess through a tube that is inserted through the abdominal wall. You are given antibiotics to treat the infection. The tube is left in place for approximately two weeks.

After the infection has cleared, surgery will be performed to remove the appendix. Sometimes, the abscess can be drained and the appendix removed right away.

Appendicitis Diagnosis

Your doctor will take a history and examine your abdomen to diagnose appendicitis.

Appendicitis can be diagnosed using a variety of tests and procedures, including:

To assess your pain, your doctor may perform a physical exam. The doctor may use gentle pressure to the area. Appendicitis pain can often get worse if the pressure is suddenly released. This is a sign that the adjacent peritoneum has become inflamed.

Your doctor might also examine your abdomen for rigidity or a tendency to tighten your abdominal muscles when you apply pressure to the inflamed appendix.

To examine your lower rectal area (digital rectal examination), your doctor might use a gloved, lubricated finger. A pelvic exam may be performed on women of childbearing years to determine if there are any gynecological issues that may be causing the pain.

  • Blood test. This will allow your doctor to test for high white blood cells, which could indicate an infection.
  • Urine test. A urinalysis may be required by your doctor to confirm that you don’t have a kidney infection or a urinary tract infection.
  • Imaging tests. Imaging tests may also be recommended by your doctor to confirm or rule out appendicitis.

Appendicitis Treatment

Appendicitis is usually treated with surgery to remove inflamed appendix. You may be prescribed antibiotics before surgery to help with the infection.

Appendectomy (surgery to remove the appendix)

Open surgery can be done using one abdominal incision, approximately 2 to 4 inches (5-10 centimeters) in length (laparotomy). Laparoscopic surgery allows for the operation to be performed through small incisions. Laparoscopic appendectomy is when the surgeon inserts special surgical instruments and a camera into your abdomen in order to remove your appendix.

Laparoscopic surgery can help you heal faster and with less scarring and pain. This may be a better option for obese patients and older people.

Laparoscopic surgery may not be right for everyone. An open appendectomy is required if your appendix ruptures and the infection has spread to the rest of the body.

After your appendectomy, you will need to stay in hospital for one or two more days.

Before appendix surgery, drain the abscess

An abscess can form around an appendix if it has burst. A tube may be used to drain the abscess through your skin. After controlling the infection, an appendectomy can be performed a few weeks later.

Palak Patel
Palak Patelhttps://medicalreview.us
Palak Patel is an internet marketing & health SEO consultant at Medical Review USA. Palak Patel has been an expert in the health and fitness industry for years now. I'm writing to keep people informed about dental treatments, eye, plastic surgery, gastroenterology, dermatology, orthopedics, psychiatry.

This information should not be used as a substitute to professional medical care. Follow the instructions of your healthcare professional.

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