Many people will experience eye problems at some point in their lives. Some problems are minor and can be treated at home. Some others require specialist care.
There are ways to restore your vision, whether your vision is poor or not at all.
Top 19 Common Eye Disorders Causes & Treatments
These common conditions may be a possibility. If your symptoms persist or worsen within a few days, consult a doctor immediately.
1. Eye strain
This is a common problem for anyone who works long hours at a computer or reads long distances. This happens when your eyes are overused. Your eyes get tired and need rest just as any other part of your body.
Give your eyes some rest if they feel sore. If your eyes feel tired after a few days of rest, consult your doctor to ensure that it’s not another problem.
2. Red eyes
Your eyes look bloodshot. What is the reason?
They have blood vessels covering their surface that expand when they are irritated or infected. This gives your eyes the “red” look.
It can be caused by eye strain, as well as late nights, lack of sleep, allergies, or even eyetrain. Your doctor should check if an injury is to blame.
Red eyes may be an indication of another eye condition such as conjunctivitis (pinkeye), or sun damage due to not wearing sunglasses over the years. See your doctor if the over-the-counter drops and rest do not resolve it.
3. Night blindness
Do you find it difficult to see at night, particularly while driving? Do you find it difficult to navigate dark areas, such as theaters?
This sounds like night blindness. This is a symptom and not a problem. Night blindness can be caused by nearsightedness, cataracts and keratoconus. Doctors can treat it.
This problem can be caused by genetics or from degenerative diseases of the retina. It is important to avoid low-light areas if you have this condition.
4. Lazy Eye
Amblyopia is a condition where one eye fails to develop properly. The vision in this eye is less sharp and tends to wander “lazily” while the other eye remains steady. It can affect both the eyes of adults and children. Infants and children should seek immediate treatment.
A lazy eye can be detected early in life and treated. This will prevent future vision problems. Corrective glasses, contact lenses, and a patch are some of the options available to treat lazy eyes.
5. Cross Eyes (Strabismus), and Nystagmus
Strabismus is a condition where your eyes don’t align with one another when you view something. It might also be called walleye or crossed eyes.
This problem will not go away by itself. To strengthen weaker eye muscles, you may be able to go to vision therapy with your eye doctor. You will need an eye specialist or ophthalmologist to fix it.
Nystagmus is a condition where the eye “jiggles” or moves all by itself.
Vision therapy can make your eyes stronger. There are many options. Surgery is another option. Your doctor will evaluate your eyes to determine which treatment is best for you.
Colorblind is when you are unable to see or distinguish between certain colors (usually reds and blues). This happens when your cone cells, or color cells, in your eyes (the doctor will call them colorblind) stop working.
It can be very severe and you will only see gray shades when it is most severe. However, this is uncommon. It is a common condition that affects most people. However, you can develop it later in your life from certain drugs or diseases. Your doctor will be able to tell you the cause. It is more common for men to get it at birth than for women.
A simple test can help your eye doctor diagnose the condition. If you are born with it there is no treatment. However, special contacts or glasses may be used to help people distinguish between colors.
This is the name of a group of diseases that causes inflammation of the eye’s uvea. This is the middle layer of your eye that houses most of the blood vessels.
These diseases can cause damage to the eye tissue and even eye loss. It can affect anyone of any age. The symptoms may disappear quickly or can last a long while.
Uveitis may be more common in people with immune system disorders such as AIDS, rheumatoid and ulcerative colitis. You may experience the following symptoms:
- Blurred vision
- Eye pain
- Eye redness
- Sensitivity to light
If you are experiencing these symptoms, see your doctor immediately. There are many types of treatment available for uveitis depending on what type you have.
This occurs when your ability to see small print and close objects is lost, even though you have good distance vision.
You may find it more difficult to read a book or other reading material after 40. It’s almost like your arms are too small.
Good reading vision can be restored using contact lenses, reading glasses, LASIK (laser eye surgery), and other methods. Find out more about LASIK and presbyopia.
These tiny spots, or specks, appear in your field of view. They are most noticeable in brightly lit rooms and outdoors.
Although they are common, floaters can sometimes indicate a more serious problem such as retinal detachment. This is when the layer beneath your retina splits. This is when you may also notice light flashes or dark shadows appearing at the edges of your vision.
You should see your eye doctor immediately if you notice any sudden changes in the number or type of spots or flashes that you see, or a new dark “curtain”, in your peripheral vision.
10. Dry eyes
This is when your eyes don’t produce enough quality tears. It can feel as if something is inside your eye, or that it’s burning. Extreme dryness can cause vision loss in some cases. There are several treatments:
- Use a humidifier to cool your home
- Special eye drops that feel like real tears
- To reduce drainage, plug your tear ducts
- Lipiflow is a treatment that uses heat and pressure for dry eyes.
- Testosterone eyelid cream
- Supplements with omega-3 and fish oil
Dry eye disease is a condition where your dry eyes are severe. To stimulate tear production, your doctor may prescribe medication drops such as cyclosporine (Cequa or Restasis), or lifitegrast(Xiidra).
11. Excessive Tearing
It doesn’t have anything to do with your emotions. It is possible that you are sensitive to temperature, light, and wind changes. Protect your eyes with sunglasses or a shield. Wraparound frames block more wind.
Tearing could also indicate a more serious condition, such as an eye infection or blocked tear duct. These conditions can be treated or corrected by your eye doctor.
These are areas of cloudiness that form in the eye’s lens.
A healthy lens looks like a camera’s. It allows light to pass through it to the retina, which is where images are processed. A cataract prevents light from reaching your retina as well. This causes you to lose your vision and can cause glare or a halo at night.
Cataracts can often develop slowly. They do not cause eye pain, redness or tearing.
Some are small and won’t cause any damage to your vision. Surgery almost always restores vision if they progress.
Your eye is similar to a tire. Some pressure is safe and normal. However, too much pressure can cause damage to your optic nerve. Glaucoma refers to a group disease that causes this condition.
Primary open angle glaucoma is a common type. It is rare for people to experience pain or early symptoms. It is important to have regular eye examinations.
Glaucoma isn’t something that happens often. However, it can be caused by:
A injury to the eyes
- Blood vessels blocked
Prescription eye drops and surgery are available.
14. Retinal Disorders
The retina is the thin layer of tissue at the back of your eyes that contains cells that capture images and transmit them to your brain. Retinal diseases can cause damage to the retinal cells, and block this transfer. There are many types.
- Age-related macular damage refers to the loss of a small amount of the retina known as the macula.
- Diabetic Retinopathy refers to damage to blood vessels in the retina that is caused by diabetes.
- When the retina is separated from the layer below, it is called retina detachment.
- It is important to have your conditions diagnosed early and treated promptly.
15. Conjunctivitis (Pinkeye)
This condition causes tissue to become inflamed that covers your sclera and lines your back of your eyelids. This can lead to redness, swelling, pain, burning, tearing, discharge, and a feeling of something in your eye.
It can happen to anyone of any age. It can be caused by infection, chemical exposure, irritants, and allergies.
To lower the chance of getting it, wash your hands frequently.
16. Corneal Diseases
The cornea is the transparent, dome-shaped window at the front of your eyes. It helps focus light coming in. It can be damaged by infection, disease, injury, or exposure to toxic substances. These are the signs:
- Red eyes
- Watery eyes
- A halo effect, or reduced vision
The most common treatment methods are:
- Prescription for new contacts or eyeglasses
- Eye drops that are medicated
17. Problems with the Eyelids
Your eyelids do a lot for you. They protect your eyes, distribute tears across its surface, limit light penetration, and help to keep it from getting too much light.
Eyelid problems can cause itching, tearing and pain. Eyelid problems can also manifest as blinking spasms and inflamed outer edges.
The treatment could include medication or surgery.
18. Vision changes
As you age, your vision may become less sharp. This is normal. Contacts or glasses will most likely be required. To correct your vision, you may opt for surgery (LASIK). You may require a stronger prescription if you already wear glasses.
As you get older, other more serious conditions may also occur. Vision problems can be caused by eye diseases such as macular degeneration, cataracts, and glaucoma. These conditions can cause vision problems in many ways, so make sure you have regular eye exams.
Vision changes that are dangerous can require immediate medical attention. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience sudden vision loss or blurred vision. Call 911 or go to the emergency department.
19. Problems with Contact Lenses
These devices are great for many people but you must take good care of them. Before you touch them, wash your hands. Follow the instructions that came with your prescription. These rules should be followed:
- Do not put them in your mouth. This can increase the likelihood of an infection.
- You should ensure that your lenses are properly fitted so they don’t scratch your eyes.
- Eye drops that are safe for contact lenses should be used.
- Do not use homemade saline solutions. You run the risk of serious infections even though some lenses have been approved by FDA for use in sleeping.
If you have trouble with your contacts despite doing everything right, consult your eye doctor. Your eyes might be dry, sensitive, or you may just need glasses. You can determine what is best for you once you have identified the problem.