Implants are artificial root teeth that support the restoration of a tooth or teeth missing. They also prevent or stop jaw bone loss. Implantation is classified as prosthetic (artificial substitute) dentistry. However, it is also considered cosmetic dentistry.
People with lost teeth may feel embarrassed to smile or speak up. Biting problems caused by tooth loss can also have a negative impact on eating habits and lead to secondary health issues like malnutrition.
Dental implants replace missing tooth roots and give people the strength and stability they need to enjoy all their favorite foods without having to chew. They also stimulate and maintain the jaw bone, which helps to prevent bone loss and supports facial features.
Teeth are Losing Because of:
- Tooth decay
- Root canal failure
- Periodontitis (Gum disease)
- Trauma to the mouth (tooth Injury)
- Excessive wear & tear
- Congenital defects
Dental Implant Consultation
A consultation with your dentist, periodontist, prosthodontist, and/or oral surgeon is necessary to determine if implant surgery is right for you. Your dentist will examine your mouth and gums, and assess bone density and quantity. To ensure that there is enough bone structure to place the implant(s), or to determine where they should go, this may include X-rays and computertomography scans (CT scannings).
Your dentist will recommend the best treatment plan based on your oral health, personal hygiene, and willingness to follow the aftercare instructions. Patients with inadequate bone or gum tissue may need bone or soft tissue transplants or the use of mini implants.
Your situation will determine how long it will take to complete the treatment, how many appointments are required, and what you can expect from each step. The consultation will also discuss the possibility of local anesthesia (to numb affected and surrounding areas) or sedation dentistry, as appropriate. During this meeting, you will also discuss the estimated cost of your dental implant. Prices can vary depending on what type of treatment you choose (amongst others).
Before implantation can be considered, it is important to address any underlying issues. Treatments can be less successful if there are common issues like tooth decay or gum disease.
Your dentist will recommend that you quit smoking. Smokers are more likely to fail than non-smokers. Osseointegration is the process that a dental implant anchors to the jawbone. Smoking can cause problems.
Your custom treatment can start once your dentist has determined that your mouth is healthy enough to receive treatment.
Placing Your Implant(s). – The Procedure
Dental implant restorations today are almost indistinguishable to other teeth. This is due in part to the structural and functional connections between the implant and the live bone. Although the procedure can be completed in one sitting, it requires some osseointegration.
Osseointegration refers to the process where the implant is attached to the jaw bone. It takes six to six months for an osseointegrated dental implant to anchor and heal. At that point, your dentist can finish the procedure by placing a crown or bridge, hybrid denture restoration, or completing the procedure with a hybrid denture restoration. The implant will not succeed if osseointegration is not achieved.
Implantation of dental prosthetics, used to replace missing teeth, is possible anytime after adolescence, or once bone growth has stopped. Some medical conditions such as active diabetes, cancer, or periodontal disease may need additional treatment before the procedure is possible.
Dental Implant Procedures (Steps):
Preparing the Jaw to Implant: A dental crown and its restoration are typically composed of a titanium material screw. To guide the titanium fixture into place, a pilot hole is made at the edentulous jaw sites (where there are no teeth). A dentist must be skilled and experienced when boring the pilot hole or sizing the jaw bone to avoid damage to vital jaw and facial structures, such as the inferior alveolar nerve (lower jaw) and the lower jaw. When placing implants, dentists often use surgical guides that are based on CT scans.
Placement: Once the pilot hole has been drilled into a suitable jaw site, it will be gradually widened to permit the placement of the screw. To allow healing to take place and for osseointegration to happen, the implant is covered with the surrounding gum tissue. Your dentist will expose the implant after approximately six months of healing and attach an attachment (which holds the crown, or tooth-like replacement). The abutment can be attached at the beginning of the procedure in some cases. Once the abutment has been placed, your dentist will make a temporary or final tooth. Sometimes, the final crown can even be made the same day as the abutment. If necessary, the temporary crown acts as a guide for gum growth and allows it to shape itself naturally. When the temporary crown has been replaced by a final crown, the process is complete.
Recovery, Follow-up & Aftercare
There are many factors that affect the recovery of a dental implant. One of these is the number of procedures needed to complete your treatment. It is well-known that proper integration of the implant with the bone structure can only be achieved by maintaining good oral hygiene habits. Failure to brush and floss properly can lead to treatment failure. If the implant and its surrounding areas aren’t cleaned well, infection can occur. High failure rates can also be attributed to smoking, so it is important that you avoid smoking after implant procedures.
To ensure the best healing and fusion, it is important to maintain the provisional restorations that were placed with the implant(s).
The discomfort after the first surgery should be minimal. You may experience swelling of your face and gums, and minor bleeding or bruising at the implant site. Your dentist may prescribe pain medication to ease any discomfort or pain you experience after the procedure. Soft foods should be avoided for five to seven days following surgery. Your dentist may need to remove stitches if they are visible. However, self-dissolving stitches, which do not require any removal, are often used.
The time it takes to heal from the surgery to place the implant(s), and the time to fit and seat the crown(s), can be up to six months. This time frame is dependent on the individual case and treatment. For monitoring your progress, it is important to keep in touch with your treatment coordinators.
It can last a lifetime if it is taken care of properly.